Income inequality: Gini
The Gini coefficient for household income. It ranges from 0 (perfect equality—e.g. all households have the same income) to 1 (perfect inequality—e.g. one household has all of the income). Data for 1980 through 2000 are based on surveys in those years but reflect income from the year prior, while data for 2010 represents a 2006-2010 average and data for 2015 represents a 2010-2015 average. For more information, see the data and methods document. | National Equity Atlas Data & Methods: Technical Documentation
Is growth being broadly shared?
Why it matters
There is a growing consensus that inequality has a negative impact on growth. Recent research by prominent economists finds that inequality hinders economic growth, and that greater economic inclusion leads to more robust and sustained growth.
Grow an equitable economy: Policies to reduce income inequality
- Raise the floor on low wage work by increasing the minimum wage or enacting living wage laws
- Implement progressive tax policies and strengthen the safety net
- Make it easier for workers to start and join unions
- Pursue full employment
- Expand access to high-quality public education, including universal preschool
San José Raises the Floor for Silicon Valley Workers
In 2012, a San José State University undergraduate class project turned into a successful ballot initiative to raise the minimum wage in the city to $10 an hour, pegged to inflation. Local labor unions, community organizations, and business partners supported the effort, and the campaign helped build support for a statewide $10 minimum wage that passed the next year. San José also has one of the highest living wages in the state, at $19.06, that adjusts annually based on increases in the cost of living in the city, and applies to all businesses that contract with the city. Learn more.