Population growth: Racial equity and immigrant inclusion strengthen communities. 

Insights & Analyses

  • While Latinx and Asian or Pacific Islander populations led population growth from 2000 to 2010, the Mixed/other population is expected to grow most rapidly between 2019 and 2050.
  • The White population, which had a zero percent growth rate between 2010 and 2019, is expected to shrink between 2019 and 2050, with a decline of -6 percent.
  • People of color accounted for 100 percent of net population growth in 26 states between 2010 and 2019 and in 38 out of the top 100 largest US cities.

Drivers of Inequity

Declines in overall population growth rates that began in the 2010s are driven by several trends including declines in fertility rates among U.S.-born citizens and increased mortality rates. Millennials are choosing to have fewer children because of changing social norms and economic hardship following the Great Recession. Many are also choosing to live in the Mountain West and Southeast because of the high cost of living in urban centers, which in turn has led to declines in population growth rates in states like California and New York. At the same time, mortality rates have increased as the Baby Boomer generation ages. The population growth that is occurring in the United States is increasingly being driven by people of color and by immigrants. By 2030, multiple states are projected to be majority people of color.


Grow an equitable economy: Policies to leverage diversity as an asset

Strategy in Action

New Haven’s municipal ID card creates community. In 2007, New Haven launched the Elm City Resident’s Card and became the first city to issue a municipal ID card as a strategy to protect and integrate its growing immigrant population into the community. The city’s undocumented residents were previously targets of crime as they carried large amounts of money with them because they did not have bank accounts. The ID card now provides access to a host of services for more than 10,000 residents, from banking to parking to checking out library books. The Elm City card has fostered a sense of community among all its residents and contributed to an increase in crime reporting and a decrease in crime in the city. Read more.

Photo: Jhon David on Unsplash

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