Summary: Average travel time to work in minutes, one-way, for workers age 16 or older who work outside of home. Data for 2010 and 2019 represent five-year averages (e.g. 2015-2019).
Data Source(s): Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, IPUMS USA, University of Minnesota, www.ipums.org, 1990 and 2000 5% samples, 2010 and 2019 American Community Survey 5-year samples.
Universe: All workers ages 16 and older who work outside of home.
Methods: The commute time among workers age 16 or older who work outside of home was calculated by race/ethnicity, gender, nativity, ancestry, commute mode and poverty level for each year and geography. Private vehicles include cars, trucks, and motorcycles; public transportation includes buses, streetcars, subways/light rails, railroads, taxicabs, and ferryboats; walk or bike includes bicycles, walking, and other modes. See the methodology page for other relevant notes.
- Latinos include people of Hispanic origin of any race and all other groups exclude people of Hispanic origin.
- Workers are defined as people who reported working during the week prior to the survey (and they had to have worked outside of home to be included in the universe).
- Data for 2010 and 2019 represent 2006-2010 and 2015-2019 averages, respectively.